In 2008, due to the financial crisis, the Estonian government was forced to make drastic budget cuts. One of the areas affected was the production of official statistics. The quarterly cross-border surveys that the country relied on at the time for estimating international arrivals were put on hold.
The Asian Games is the biggest multi-sport event in Asia, gathering athletes from 45 countries every four years, with more than 450 matches. In 2018, the games took place in several locations in Indonesia. The following case study looks at the challenges the government of Indonesia was facing to measure the socio-economic impact of the event, and how mobile positioning data (MPD) turned out to be the right solution for them.