In a country with 17,000+ islands and vast land borders, it is difficult to measure immigration at all entry points to the country. Roaming MPD-based indicators was used to measure cross-border tourism, so that the decision-makers of the state would have reliable statistics. With the help of Positium, the Indonesian Ministry of Tourism developed a system to count tourists in these excluded border areas and support sustainable development with the help of accurate data. The results guided investments into areas that were previously considered periphery. The data collection continued throughout the COVID-19 pandemic, providing a continuous source of visitor arrival data, covering official and informal travel into the country.
In 2008, due to the financial crisis, the Estonian government was forced to make drastic budget cuts. One of the areas affected was the production of official statistics. The quarterly cross-border surveys that the country relied on at the time for estimating international arrivals were put on hold. One of the institutions affected by these changes was Eesti Pank, the central bank of Estonia, which is responsible for producing external sector statistics, among other official data. Since there was a demand for a high-quality and efficient data source for tourism statistics, at a reasonable cost, Eesti Pank acted quickly. They began to explore options for alternative data sources to fulfil their obligation of producing a time series of inbound and outbound travel statistics as part of their calculation for the balance of payments.